Traditional Medicines has been a conspicuous component of the cultural heritage of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan and has played a significant role in providing health care to a large portion of the population. Traditional Medicines and practitioners in Pakistan primarily belong to two categories i.e. Tibb-e-Unani and Homoeopathic. Ayurvedic is not very common in Pakistan though included in the UAH Act 1965.
According to the basic principals of Tibb-e-Unani (Greco-Arabs) the body is made of four basic elements; Earth, Air, Water, & Fire with different temperaments i.e cold, hot, wet & dry. The body organs get their nourishment through four humors; Blood, Phlegm, Yellow Bile & Black Bile. The concepts of health in Tibb-e-Unani are a state of body in which there is equilibrium in the humans, and the function of the body is normal in accordance with its own temperament and the environment. When the equilibrium in the humors is disturbed and the functions of body are abnormal that state is called disease. Tibb-e-Unani takes a holistic approach to words prevention of disease, cure and promotion of health. Tibb-e-Unani relies on drugs made from medicinal plants, herbs, minerals, or of matlic or animal organ, for the treatment of disease.